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Εγχειρίδιο χειρισμού κρίσεων λόγω πολιτικών ΔΝΤ από τη CIA! / Already confirmed: Civil liberties under attack! / Greece's creditors gone completely insane! / How the global financial mafia sucked Greece's blood / ECB's economic hitmen / Η Μέρκελ επιβεβαιώνει τα σχέδια των γραφειοφασιστών! /Greece: the low-noise collapse of an entire country/ How the neoliberal establishment tricked the masses again, this time in France / Ενώ η Γερμανία προετοιμάζεται για τα χειρότερα, η Ελλάδα επιμένει στο ευρώ! / Ένας παγκόσμιος "proxy" πόλεμος κατά της ελευθερίας έχει ξεκινήσει! / McCarthyism 2.0 against the independent information / Ο επικεφαλής του "σκιώδους συμβουλίου" της ΕΚΤ επιβεβαιώνει ότι η ευρωζώνη είναι μια χρηματοπιστωτική δικτατορία! /With a rising Jeremy Corbyn and a declining Angela Merkel, Brexit has been upgraded to play a much more critical role / Δημοψήφισμα για Grexit: η τελευταία ευκαιρία να σωθεί η Ελλάδα και η τιμή της Αριστεράς / Populism as the new cliche of the elites to stigmatize anyone not aligned with the establishment / Δεν γίνεται έτσι "σύντροφοι" ... / Panama Papers: When mainstream information wears the anti-establishment mask / The Secret Bank Bailout / The head of the ECB “shadow council” confirms that eurozone is a financial dictatorship! / A documentary by Paul Mason about the financial coup in Greece / The ruthless neo-colonialists of 21st century / First cracks to the establishment by the American people / Clinton emails - The race of the Western neo-colonialist vultures over the Libyan corpse / Επιχείρηση Panama Papers: Το κατεστημένο θέλει το μονοπώλιο και στις διαρροές; / Operation "looting of Greece" reaches final stage / Varoufakis describes how Merkel sacrificed Greece to save the Franco-German banks / France officialy enters the neo-Feudal era! / The US establishment just gave its greatest performance so far ... / A significant revelation by WikiLeaks that the media almost ignored / It's official: the US is funding Middle-East jihadists! / Οι αδίστακτοι νεο-αποικιοκράτες του 21ου αιώνα / How to handle political unrest caused by IMF policies! / Πώς το νεοφιλελεύθερο κατεστημένο ξεγέλασε τις μάζες, αυτή τη φορά στη Γαλλία / Οι Γάλλοι νεοαποικιοκράτες επιστρέφουν στην Ελλάδα υπό 'ιδανικές' συνθήκες

19 October, 2017

Pythia-1: The assassination operation of former Greek PM for approaching Russia

The Russian state news channel Russia-24 came with an updated report that sheds more light in a peculiar case that shaken Greece right before the financial crisis hit the country. Connecting the dots through additional information allegedly coming from the Russian intelligence, the report supports a scenario that could have been taken from CIA textbooks. According to this, there was a well-organized operation against former Greek PM, Kostas Karamanlis, aiming his political extermination and even assassination, once he had 'dangerously' approached Russia. While assassination plans didn't succeed, Karamanlis lost the elections of 2009 midst social, political and financial instability allegedly reinforced by this operation.


The story begins in 2008, or even before this year. The then Greek PM, Kostas Karamanlis starts facing difficulties with the Greek economy. In his foreign policy he tries to get closer to Russia in several key directions, from increasing trade volumes to purchasing arms.

Karamanlis called Vladimir Putin his friend and Moscow was his strategic partner. He supported Greece's participation in the Burgas–Alexandroupoli pipeline and the South Stream. This was a gas pipeline to deliver Russian oil and gas to South and Central Europe. Agreements between the governments were signed.

Kostas Karamanlis couldn't have known that because of these meetings and negotiations, not deals, certain forces in Greece and beyond would start an intricate plan to disrupt the projects. From the standard destabilization of the country to the change of the political course. This became famous from numerous Greek press articles.

If we are to believe what has been published, the plan was called Pythia-1. This plan was to be executed by foreign agents deployed in Greece. Nobody knows which countries are behind them, but it's a known fact that they had allies among the Greeks. These include the Army, authorities and deputies. This was a well-prepared, well-organized group, which has been following the Greek leader. It seems that they were preparing his assassination.

The Greek National Intelligence Service received a tip from the Russian FSB. Based on this data, a secret document was created. The media material state that the Russian special services got interest in this story after certain foreign agents' attempts to tap the phones of Kostas Karamanlis, Georgi Parvanov - the former Bulgarian president - and Vladimir Putin.

In these conversations they spoke about gas pipelines, oil and gas supplies. In the West, some really didn't want to see project like Burgas–Alexandroupoli and South Stream become a reality. It's hard to believe, but putting an entire country into chaos is still a great option.

Eventually, the intruders didn't manage to assassinate Karamanlis, but they kept a close eye on him. In that top-secret document an episode is described where Russian spies met with the conspirators face-to-face. It supposedly happened in April 2008, around Nea Makri, Attica. The attention of PM guards and Russian spies was caught by a strange minivan. People inside it left after the incident on a moped without licence plates. Inside the minivan they found an arsenal, including explosives, Kalashnikov rifles, communication tools, night vision equipment, detailed maps with the PM's itinerary, and detailed information of his bodyguards.

Weapons and maps were taken as evidence. The Attorney General's office began an investigation and after several years the case made it to court. All conspiracy members' names are kept in secret. All in the investigation's interests.

We only know a few names:

William Basil, a former CIA agent. He lived and worked in Greece since the mid 90s. He is considered the best in monitoring and phone-tapping. A warrant for his arrest was issued in 2015, but Basil had time to run. It's a known fact that tapping Karamanlis was done from the phones he personally bought. He also used SIM cards registered in Athens under US Embassy.

Former Greek parliamentary, Michalis Karhimakis is accused of treason and divulging of state secrets. He was in PASOK party and ally of George Papandreou.

Among other accused parties are two former Greek special services agents. They are also accused of treason and divulging of state secrets.

Considering the leaked data from the intel. services to the press, which mentioned about 20 political figures, we know that these four people are just the tip of the iceberg.

Karamanlis is alive, but he had to retire. He lost the snap elections in October 2009. Eventually, Greece slowly exited the Burgas–Alexandroupoli pipeline and the South Stream. Also, Greece decided not to buy Russian military equipment.


Note that Kostas Karamanlis was defeated by George Papandreou in 2009 elections, right before the eruption of the financial crisis. Papandreou is considered responsible for bringing IMF in Greece with the subsequent devastating effects in the Greek economy due to its brutal neoliberal policies.

Facespook! Social media giant becomes arm of US intel

Facebook, the world’s top social media platform, is reportedly seeking to hire hundreds of employees with US national security clearance licenses.

Purportedly with the aim of weeding out “fake news” and “foreign meddling” in elections.

If that plan, reported by Bloomberg, sounds sinister, that’s because it is. For what it means is that people who share the same worldview as US intelligence agencies, the agencies who formulate classified information, will have a direct bearing on what millions of consumers on Facebook are permitted to access.

It’s as close to outright US government censorship on the internet as one can dare to imagine, and this on a nominally independent global communication network. Your fun-loving place “where friends meet.”

Full report:

France approves restrictive anti-terrorism law to replace 2-year state of emergency

The French parliament has approved a new controversial anti-terrorism law, replacing the soon-to-expire two-year state of emergency. The new legislation has prompted fears it will severely limit civil liberties.

The French senate approved the new anti-terrorism law on its second reading on Wednesday. The new law, set to increase law enforcement powers in the fight against terrorism, was supported by 244 senators, with only 22 voting against it. The bill was overwhelmingly approved by the lower chamber of parliament earlier in October.

The state of emergency was imposed in France to combat terrorism in the wake of the deadly 2015 Paris terrorist attacks, and has been extended six times since. It is set to finally expire on November 1.

Its key points include allowing the authorities to search homes of those suspected of terrorist links, while holding them for up to four hours and seizing data, items and documents. It also allows the authorities to confine suspects to their town or city for up to a year and have them report to police every day. Any movement beyond that requires them to wear a tracking bracelet.

Top regional officials will be allowed to shut down places of worship for up to six months, if they deem preachers have incited attacks or glorified terrorism. This can be done without any hard proof obtained by police, but simply on the basis of "ideas and theories" shared by the preachers’ devotees.

Police are also granted the authority to stop and search people at vulnerable areas such as borders, train stations and airports.

Ahead of the parliamentary vote, French President Emmanuel Macron hosted 500 law enforcement officers including police, gendarmes, prefects, and other officials at the Elysees Palace. Macron defended the new law and mulled a new nationwide anti-radicalization plan. “The first mission of the state is to protect our fellow citizens and ensure the security of the territory... We have to adapt our organization, our action,” he said.

The plan includes hiring 10,000 more police officers and gendarmes, as well as supplying them with technology suitable for the “smartphone era.” He also promised to implement stricter measures to more efficiently deport migrants with “no legal right” to stay in France.

We don’t welcome people well, our procedures are too long, we don’t integrate people properly and neither do we send enough people back,” Macron told the law enforcement officers.

The new anti-terrorism law has repeatedly drawn concern over human rights issues. UN human rights experts urged France to comply with "its international human rights obligations," worrying the bill would "incorporate into ordinary law several restrictions on civil liberties currently in place under France’s state of emergency."

Source:


Related:

American liberals and neocons unite to push war in Ukraine

In the U.S. Russia-hating liberals are joining the neocons in seeking more war in Ukraine, as the prospects for a rational and peaceful resolution to the crisis continue to fade.

by James W. Carden

Part 3 - Less Dangerous Options

One reasonable alternative to NATO membership would be a treaty along the lines of the 1955 Austrian State Treaty, which was an agreement reached between the four post-World War II occupying powers (U.S., USSR, Great Britain and France) that granted Austria its independence “with the understanding,” according to the U.S. State Department, “that the newly independent state of Austria would declare its neutrality, creating a buffer zone between the East and the West,” meaning it would join neither NATO nor the Soviet-run Warsaw Pact.

Charles Bohlen, the legendary American diplomat who served as ambassador to Moscow from 1953-57, recalled in his memoir Witness To History that, with regard to the Austrian State Treaty, he believed “that the Kremlin leaders, and probably the Soviet military chiefs, decided that a genuinely neutral Austria was of more value to Soviet Russia than the maintenance of a divided country where the Red Army would occupy only the poorer half.

The situation in postwar Austria – occupied by East and West – is not perfectly analogous to the situation that obtains in Ukraine today, but there seem to be lessons from what Bohlen intuited were the Kremlin’s motives that might be drawn upon to inform Western diplomacy.

But instead of trying to implement the Minsk peace agreement (which calls for the Donbas to remain as part of Ukraine but with more autonomy from Kiev) or search for a reasonable alternative to what are indeed perplexing and pressing matters of national security, Poroshenko has continued to ring the alarm over the another, this time illusory, Russian invasion.

In a recent speech before the Ukrainian parliament, Poroshenko claimed “there is more and more evidence for [Russia’s] preparations for an offensive war of continental proportions.

Yet perhaps the danger isn’t as clear and present as Poroshenko portrayed it. As Mary Dejevesky of the U.K.’s Independent has observed: “Nato itself had held exercises in the Black Sea and before that in and around the western borderlands of Ukraine. Who, it has to be asked here, is threatening whom?

Indeed, if Russia was on the precipice of launching a land war in Eastern Europe, would it have cut its defense budget by 25 percent to $48 billion a year, as was recently announced by the Kremlin?

As difficult as it might be for our hearty band on new cold warriors to believe (some of whom have scant knowledge about the topic of U.S.-Russia relations on which they so frequently choose to declaim), the push for a peaceable settlement in Ukraine is coming not from Washington, but from Moscow and Berlin.

Nevertheless, the stalemate continues: a resolution to the Ukrainian conflict – through the implementation of the Minsk agreements, as well as a settlement of the outstanding security concerns of all parties to the conflict – seems to remain tragically out of reach.

***

Source, links:


[1] [2]

18 October, 2017

Russia seeks complete economic independence through blockchain CryptoCurrency, BRICS may follow!

The CryptoRouble is coming!


Russia is about to become the first state that will issue its own CryptoCurrency. While Vladimir Putin implied that CryptoRouble comes as a natural attempt by Russia to participate in rapid developments in the sector of monetary and commercial transactions, it is quite probable that there are other reasons too. At the time where Russia struggles to overcome continuous sanctions by the West and BRICS seek complete independence from the Western monetary monopoly, the move could contribute significantly towards the achievement of both of these goals.


As Mintpressnews reported:

Russian President Vladimir Putin has made history today, when he endorsed the creation of a soon to be unveiled CryptoRouble, the world’s first cryptocurrency endorsed by a state. [...] The CryptoRouble is being worked on at the moment and should be available soon, although a precise timeline is not yet available.

[...]

While advocates of autonomous cryptocurrency exchange will almost certainly adopt the traditional ultra-libertarian line that any government regulation into cryptocurrencies makes them scarcely different from using traditional currencies in the online domain (Paypal for example), long time advocates of cryptocurrency in the retail and wholesale sector will almost certainly look with interest to this new development. [...] if in the eyes of the Russian government, a CryptoRouble is as legitimate a currency as the Rouble, it will allow wholesalers, retailers and possibly even independent financial traders to use the CryptoRouble to avoid the sanctions against Russian banks which their own anti-libertarian western governments have imposed. Additionally, if the CryptoRouble becomes easily convertible to popular western originated cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, it would solve the problem of Bitcoin users being ‘shut out’ of the Russian market. All one would need to do in order to engage in transactions with Russian businesses using a cryptowallet, would be to digitally exchange one’s Bitcoins (or any other existing cryptocurrency) for a desired amount of CryptoRoubles. The aforementioned process would generally take the same amount of time or even less than a traditional online bank transfer.

[...]

During September’s BRICS Summit in Xiamen, there was a great deal of discussion regarding the establishment of a cryptocurrency for the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China South Africa) and their partners. Such a coin would have all of the advantages of the CryptoRouble with the added benefit of instant legitimacy and even desirability across some of the world’s most dynamic and growing economies. It could also facilitate easier money transfers between BRICS members. This would be particularly helpful for Chinese businessmen who often have trouble getting large sums of Yuan out of the country in single transactions. A BRICSCoin, if based on the Russian security net could plausibly alleviate similar existing Chinese concerns about cryptocurrencies. As China has begun trading oil futures contracts in Yuan which can be converted to gold at the Shanghai and Hong Kong gold exchanges, one could foreseeably be looking at a BRICScoin that would effectively be backed by gold, in certain instances.

The move may help Russia avoid the hard sanctions imposed by the West through the 'back door' of the CryptoCurrency market. Russia may access Western markets in the future through the rapidly increasing number of individuals who will use Bitcoin and other CryptoCurrencies.

Previously, we had the first serious attack against Bitcoin by the Western banking cartel through JPMorgan CEO Jamie Dimon, which was a serious indication that Bitcoin and other CryptoCurrencies could become a real threat against cartel's monetary monopoly, which gives significant power to the mega-banks of the West, even up to the point to 'design' major financial crises.

As has been described, Dimon's attack could be related to a recent statement made by the Head of the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), Kirill Dmitriev, that the BRICS are considering to create their own CryptoCurrency for the purposes of global commerce.

Such a move could help BRICS to decouple economies from the Western neoliberal monetary monopoly, even faster. With the technology of more powerful computers in close future that could 'mine' CryptoCurrencies at much faster rate, the number of people who will choose to abandon traditional currencies may rise rapidly. Those who will set-up such a de-centralized financial system, will gain a great advantage against the obsolete system of traditional currencies controlled by central banks.

Even entire countries may choose to jump into the new system, in order to escape from the monopoly of the Western hard currencies. The most characteristic example is Greece. Many in Greece are considering Bitcoin and other alternative currencies as a solution against the monetary dictatorship of the ECB.

Indeed, Russia seems that is moving fast towards the implementation of such plans.

However, there are currently some political barriers against the prospect of a BRICS CryptoCurrency in the close future. These are related mainly to Brazil and the constitutional coup against former president Dilma Rousseff. Right-wing, Pro-Washington Michel Temer is expected to sabotage from inside such efforts by the BRICS and this will prove further that the US is terrified with the prospect of a BRICS CryptoCurrency.

Petrodollar already struggles to maintain its dominance as many countries have chosen to 'revolt' against it and proceed in major transactions with domestic currencies, or suggest such an alternative. Latest example, Venezuela.

As the BRICS bloc grows economically quite fast, the prospect of a BRICS CryptoCurrency will contribute to the quicker demolition of dollar domination. There is a deeper reason for which the US empire is terrified in such a case. Since the early 70s with the abolition of the gold standard, dollar became the dominant currency in global scale. This fact permitted the US financial-military-industrial complex, expressed by the neocon/neoliberal ideology, to design economic and military wars in every corner of the planet to maximize its power and profits. All it needed was just machines printing dollars. The rest was the easy part.

Therefore, the prospect of a global economy flooded with decentralized CryptoCurrencies and other CryptoCurrencies issued by a major rival bloc, will become the worst nightmare for the US empire and its Western allies.

As one can understand, the CryptoMarket anarchists have nothing to fear. A CryptoCurrency issued by BRICS, or some member-states, or even other countries separately, will not be a threat for the decentralized nature of the rest of CryptoCurrencies. On the contrary, it will give them a significantly wider field and greater opportunities for all kinds of transactions inside a dynamically growing economic bloc which, if nothing else, does not rely on wars and destruction to maintain its dominance.

The same neocon syndicate that pushed for Iraq invasion is now pushing Trump against Iran

President Donald Trump has disavowed the Iran nuclear deal, but won’t pull out of it – yet. The same neocons who pushed for the 2003 invasion of Iraq are now arguing that the US needs to abandon the multi-party international agreement. Investigative reporter Max Blumenthal says that the end goal for decertifying the Iran deal is the same as the Iraq invasion, even though members of the Trump administration say pulling out would empower Iranian hardliners.

Διάδρομοι Βρυξελλών: Γιατί τόσο μίσος με τον εργατικό κώδικα της Γαλλίας;

Γιώργος Βασσάλος

Από το 2015, όταν ο Μακρόν ως υπουργός του Ολλάντ ξεκινούσε την πρώτη του νομοθετική επίθεση στο γαλλικό εργατικό κώδικα, η επικεφαλής του ΔΝΤ Κριστίν Λαγκάρντ επευφημούσε τονίζοντας όμως ότι θα χρειαστεί «ένας νόμος Μακρόν 2 κι ένας νόμος Μακρόν 3».

Ο «Νόμος Μακρόν 2» ονομάστηκε τελικά «Νόμος Ελ Κομρί» και πέρασε σε μορφή διατάγματος το 2016. Προκάλεσε τη μεγαλύτερη κοινωνική αναταραχή στη Γαλλία όχι μόνο από το 2010, αλλά στην πραγματικότητα από το 2006. Το πολιτικό του αποτέλεσμα ήταν η ουσιαστική διάλυση του μόλις πριν λίγα χρόνια κραταιού γαλλικού Σοσιαλιστικού Κόμματος, το οποίο έπεσε από τις 284 στις 30 έδρες. Τον περασμένο μήνα ολοκλήρωσε την πώληση των ιστορικών κεντρικών γραφείων του στην οδό Σολφερινό του Παρισιού.

Ως Πρόεδρος σήμερα, ο Εμμανουέλ Μακρόν επιχειρεί την τελική κατεδάφιση καθιερώνοντας συμβάσεις σε επίπεδο επιχείρησης που θα μπορούν να προβλέπουν κατώτερες προδιαγραφές από αυτές που προβλέπονται στις κλαδικές συλλογικές συμβάσεις ή τον εθνικό κώδικα εργασίας με βάση το «νόμο Μακρόν 3» ή «νόμο εργασίας ΧΧL» που πέρασε με διάταγμα.

Σε πρόσφατο άρθρο του ο Λ. Βατικιώτης έγραψε για τη νέα εργατική αναταραχή που προκαλεί αυτή του η πρωτοβουλία, ενώ στην πραγματικότητα εκλέχτηκε μόνο και μόνο για να μη φτάσει στην εξουσία η Μαρίν Λεπέν. Η εργατική αυτή αναταραχή υποχρεώνει ήδη τους εργοδότες σε κλάδους όπως οι οδικές μεταφορές και τα λιμάνια να αρχίζουν να υπογράφουν με τα συνδικάτα συμφωνίες εξαίρεσης από το νόμο.

Τί είναι αυτό όμως, που ωθεί ολόκληρα κόμματα στην πολιτική αυτοκτονία ή ένα νέο πρόεδρο όπως ο Μακρόν στο να γίνεται ο πιο πρόωρα μη δημοφιλής πρόεδρος της 5ης γαλλικής δημοκρατίας και στο να εκτοξεύει προσβολές σε τακτά πλέον διαστήματα εναντίον των εργαζομένων («άνθρωποι που δεν είναι τίποτα», «τεμπέληδες» που τα κάνουν «μπουρδέλο»); Ποιου στόχου η επίτευξη μπορεί να αξίζει τέτοιες «θυσίες» από τους αστούς πολιτικούς;

Ο στόχος αυτός είναι ότι πρέπει άμεσα να πέσει το ποσοστό κάλυψης από συλλογικές συμβάσεις στη Γαλλία που είναι πρώτη στην Ευρώπη με 98% στον ιδιωτικό τομέα. Τέτοια… «σοβιετικά» ποσοστά δε χωρούν στη σημερινή ΕΕ. Από την αρχή της κρίσης του 2008, η διάλυση της οργανωμένης εργασίας και το σπάσιμο της υποχρέωσης να διαπραγματεύονται μαζί της ήταν ο κύριος στόχος των καπιταλιστών και των πολιτικών τους εκπροσώπων.

Το μεγαλύτερο μέρος αυτού του 98% οφείλεται σε κλαδικές συμβάσεις που ισχύουν ακόμα και σε επιχειρήσεις οπού δεν υπάρχουν συνδικάτα.

Καταργώντας τη σχεδόν αυτόματη ανανέωση των συμβάσεων και την ιεραρχία που έλεγε ότι οι επιχειρησιακές συμβάσεις μπορούν να προβλέπουν μόνο ανώτερες προδιαγραφές από τις κλαδικές συμβάσεις, που μπορούσαν με τη σειρά τους να προβλέπουν μόνο ανώτερες προδιαγραφές από τον Κώδικα Εργασίας, ο νόμος «Μακρόν 3» θα αντικαταστήσει τη σημερινή πιο ρυθμισμένη αγορά εργασίας στην ΕΕ, με μια ζούγκλα επιχειρηματικών «συμφωνιών» με ανίσχυρα σωματεία και ψευτοσωματεία στα χέρια των εργοδοτών. Στην πράξη αυτό θα σημαίνει χειρότερες αμοιβές, λιγότερες άδειες και διαλείμματα, χαμηλότερες αποζημιώσεις απόλυσης και λιγότερες προαγωγές.

Η διάλυση των συλλογικών συμβάσεων στη Γαλλία είναι στρατηγική προτεραιότητα της ΕΕ. Από το 2011, χρησιμοποιεί μεθοδικά τις εξουσίες που τις δόθηκαν από τα νομοθετήματα για την οικονομική διακυβέρνηση για να πιέσει προς την κατεύθυνση αυτή. O Μακρόν επιχειρεί τώρα να υπερκεράσει τις παραινέσεις της ΕΕ, ώστε μια «μεταρρυθμισμένη πλέον Γαλλία» να διαπραγματευτεί με τη Γερμανία που προς το παρόν λέει όχι στις ουσιαστικότερες προτάσεις της για μοίρασμα της πίτας.

Με διαλυμένες τις συλλογικές συμβάσεις στη Γαλλία, το σημείο αναφοράς για όλη την Ευρώπη θα χαθεί. Στο Βέλγιο πέρασε αρχές του 2017, νόμος που αδυνάτισε τη συλλογική διαπραγμάτευση, ενώ ο εκλογικός συνασπισμός σκληρής δεξιάς και φασιστικού FPÖ που διαφαίνεται μετά τις εκλογές στην Αυστρία σε συνδυασμό με τα χειρότερα αποτελέσματα της ιστορίας των παραδοσιακά συνδεδεμένων με τα συνδικάτα σοσιαλδημοκρατών, μάλλον πρέπει να προετοιμάζουν για δραστική χειροτέρευση και εκεί.

Πάνω στις στάχτες της συλλογικής διαπραγμάτευσης επιδιώκει ο Γιουνκέρ να προχωρήσει η «Ένωση Κοινωνικών Προτύπων» που έβαλε ως στόχο στην ομιλία του για την «κατάσταση της Ένωσης» στις αρχές Σεπτέμβρη. Χωρίς αμφιβολία θα πρόκειται για πρότυπα τριτοκοσμικά. Η μόνη περίπτωση να συμφωνήσουν οι εθνικές αστικές τάξεις «για το τι είναι κοινωνικά δίκαιο στην ενιαία αγορά μας» είναι να έχουν εγγυήσεις ότι οποιαδήποτε ομογενοποίηση θα είναι προς τα κάτω.

Περισσότερα:

Ρωσική Κρατική Τηλεόραση: «Υπήρχε σχέδιο δολοφονίας του Καραμανλή και αυτοί ήταν οι εκτελεστές του»

Η Ρωσική κρατική τηλεόραση πραγματοποίησε έρευνα για το «σχέδιο δολοφονίας» του Κώστα Καραμανλή, υποστηρίζοντας, επικαλούμενη νέες πληροφορίες, πως το 2009 η ρωσική FSB αποκάλυψε συνομιλία πρακτόρων της CIA για την «εξουδετέρωση» του πρώην πρωθυπουργού από το αξίωμα του, καθώς και τον επικείμενο θάνατο του.

Η εν λόγω έρευνα μεταδόθηκε μέσω του κεντρικού δελτιόυ ειδήσεων του ρωσικού κρατικού καναλιού και σύμφωνα με όσα αναφέρονται στο σχέδιο συμμετείχαν τουλάχιστον επτά τρομοκρατικές ομάδες, εκ των οποίων οι τρεις ειδικεύονται σε κλοπές και απαγωγές εύπορων επιχειρηματιών, ενώ τέσσερις ομάδες ήταν υπεύθυνες για να οργανωθεί χάος στους δρόμους.

Σύμφωνα με το ρωσικό κρατικό κανάλι αιτία για τη στοχοποίηση του Καραμανλή ήταν η εξωτερική του πολιτική καθώς «προσπαθούσε να έρθει πιο κοντά στη Ρωσία σε πολλές καίριες κατευθύνσεις, από την αύξηση του όγκου των συναλλαγών μέχρι την αγορά όπλων». Υπενθυμίζει μάλιστα πως «ο τότε πρωθυπουργός είχε αποκαλέσει φίλο του τον Βλαντιμίρ Πούτιν και είχε παρουσιάσει τη Μόσχα ως τον πλέον στρατηγικό συνεργάτη του».

Όμως όπως σημείωνει το «κύριο θέμα» ήταν ο τομέας της ενέργειας. «Ο Καραμανλής υποστήριξε τη συμμετοχή της Ελλάδας στον αγωγό Μπουργκάς-Αλεξανδρούπολη και στον αγωγό South Stream. Αυτός ήταν ένας αγωγός φυσικού αερίου για τη μεταφορά ρωσικού πετρελαίου και φυσικού αερίου στη Νότια και Κεντρική Ευρώπη».

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Nearly 300 Rohingya villages destroyed in Myanmar's Rakhine

Human Rights Watch (HRW) says nearly 300 villages of the persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority have been burned in Myanmar since the outbreak of the latest military offensive in restive Rakhine state.

At least 288 villages in Rakhine have been partially or totally destroyed by fire since August 25, the HRW reported, according to information gathered on satellite images.

According to the HRW, the greatest damage occurred in Maungdaw township, which accounted for some 90 percent of the areas where destruction happened between August 25 and September 25.

Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director for the HRW, said in a statement that the army had committed numerous crimes during the crackdown across the violence-hit region. "The Burmese military destroyed hundreds of Rohingya villages while committing killings, rapes, and other crimes against humanity that forced Rohingya to flee for their lives," said Robertson. "These latest satellite images show why over half a million Rohingya fled to Bangladesh in just four weeks."

The United Nations said on Tuesday some 582,000 Rohingya refugees had fled their homes in Myanmar and arrived in Bangladesh since late August. The world body also warned that thousands more were stranded at the border.

Many of those who have managed to take refuge in Bangladesh say Myanmar's soldiers and Buddhist mobs have been attacking civilians and burning down their homes.

The unprecedented influx of refugees has put immense pressure on Bangladeshi authorities and charities. They have described the crisis as one of the world's most pressing humanitarian emergencies.

Myanmar has long faced international criticism for its treatment of Rohingya Muslims, who are denied citizenship and live in conditions rights groups have compared to those of the Blacks under the former apartheid regime in South Africa.

Source:

American liberals and neocons unite to push war in Ukraine

In the U.S. Russia-hating liberals are joining the neocons in seeking more war in Ukraine, as the prospects for a rational and peaceful resolution to the crisis continue to fade.

by James W. Carden

Part 2 - Ukraine’s Human Rights Abuses

There are a number of objections to yet another round of NATO expansion. As I reported in February 2015: “The current [Ukrainian] government has, according to organizations that could hardly be described as Kremlin friendly (Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe), committed war crimes in its attempt to defeat the Russian-backed separatists in the Donbas. … NATO’s principal consideration should not be whether NATO will make Ukraine more secure, but whether Ukraine will make NATO more secure. The answer is self-evident.

It is true that NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, as recently as this month, insisted to Russian state media that NATO is not contemplating Ukrainian membership, telling Sputnik that “There is no MAP [membership action plan] on the agenda.” Yet Stoltenberg has also said, as he did in a speech to the Ukrainian parliament in July, that he believes Ukraine “has the right to choose its own security arrangements” further noting that “last month, NATO welcomed Montenegro as the 29th member of our Alliance. This shows that NATO’s door remains open.

So the issue doesn’t seem to be going away.

Poroshenko’s push to join NATO, which is being made against the backdrop of ever-worsening relations between the U.S. and Russia, ignores, perhaps purposefully, one of the principal causes of the morass in which Kiev and Moscow find themselves. It was Moscow’s not unfounded fear that Ukraine might join NATO that helped spark the Ukrainian crisis in early 2014.

In the weeks prior to Russia’s annexation of Crimea (and just over a month before the outbreak of full hostilities in the Donbas), three former presidents of Ukraine (Leonid Kravchuk, Leonid Kuchma and Viktor Yushchenko) called on the post-Maidan regime to renounce the 2010 Kharkiv agreement which allowed for Russia to base its Black Sea naval fleet in Crimea (in return for discounted prices on Russian natural gas).

It is perhaps not unreasonable that this last move, in addition to the foreign policy and security protocols embedded within the European Union Association agreement (which Poroshenko signed in June 2014), would cause the Russian government to at the very least suspect that NATO was setting the stage for Ukraine’s eventual absorption into the alliance.

Indeed, Kiev’s launch of its violent and indiscriminate “Anti-Terrorist Operation” against the Donbas – with the effect of intimidating and alienating otherwise loyal Russian-speaking citizens in the eastern part of the country – surely played a role in the Kremlin’s decision to come to the aid of the rebels later in the summer of 2014 and again at Debaltseve early the following year.

Source, links:


[1] [3]

17 October, 2017

People of Venezuela just proved again that common US sabotage operations are not effective anymore


Since Hugo Chavez era, the US empire has tried every dirty trick against the socialist governments in Venezuela. From continuous economic sabotage to funding provocative operations of the right-wing opposition, and of course, unlimited propaganda by the Western mainstream media.

After the constitutional coup against Dilma Rousseff in Brazil, Nicolas Maduro is last barrier to be removed in the rοw of some key Latin America countries, so that the Empire will take back full control of its backyard.

The dirty war against Venezuela becomes wilder and wilder since Chavez decided to put back under state control the oil industry. Which means that the US big oil cartel is primarily behind the common sabotage operations (that we've seen so many times in past especially in Latin America) against Venezuelan government. It's not rocket science.

Recall that, a document under the title VENEZUELA: AMERICAN OIL AND SERVICE COMPANIES ENGAGE AMBASSADOR, from July, 2009, depicts the agony of the US oil corporations to stay in Venezuela, as they had already lost control over country's rich reserves. The summary is quite enlightening as gives the impression that the US companies were afraid that could be completely thrown out of the Venezuelan oil industry in the close future by then Chavez administration.



These operations, taken from CIA's textbooks, are aiming mainly to provoke public anger towards the ultimate goal, which is overthrowing socialist governments in order to be replaced by right-wing Washington's puppets.

As TeleSur reported:

Chavismo won another historic victory today in spite of the brutal U.S. war on the economy, the Washington-backed violence geared to the comprehensive and exhaustive media assault over the last few years, all aimed at overthrowing the government of President Nicolas Maduro. It hasn't worked - not with these people.

After all that the Venezuelan people have suffered, deprived of food and other essential products, violent attacks on their schools, hospitals and medical clinics, destruction of other public buildings, sabotage of their electrical grid, regular violent attacks by Colombian paramilitaries, having their elected leaders maligned, lied about and demonized, seeing their government resources diverted from production, services and development to defense, living with distress and fear in their daily lives and seeing their friends and love ones maimed and die simply because of their political views - despite all the suffering they have endured they supported their elected government today and sent the U.S.-backed right wing packing.

The result of regional elections that were held in Venezuela on 15 October 2017, showed again that these operations don't work. Because the majority of Venezuelans have chosen to support the socialist government. The United Socialist Party of Venezuela won at least 17 of the 23 governorships, also garnering 54 percent of the vote.

As expected, most of the mainstream media were shocked with the result and rushed to claim that the election was rigged.

It is obvious that the old style US sabotage methods start to become insufficient and this is probably one main reason why Donald Trump expressed openly his intention to 'take action' against Venezuela.

Στη Βενεζουέλα είχε εκλογές. Αλλά δεν το μάθατε…

Νίκη στις 17 από τις 22 επαρχίες της χώρας σημείωσε το κυβερνών κόμμα του Μαδούρο στις τοπικές εκλογές που πραγματοποιήθηκαν στη Βενεζουέλα.

Ο Μαδούρο δήλωσε ότι το κόμμα του συγκέντρωσε το 54% των ψήφων στην επικράτεια και πως οι εκλογές είχαν τη μεγαλύτερη συμμετοχή που έχει παρατηρηθεί τα τελευταία 15 χρόνια, με τουλάχιστον 10 εκατομμύρια ψηφοφόρους να προσέρχονται στις κάλπες.

Ο ίδιος κατήγγειλε ότι τα διεθνή μέσα ενημέρωσης επιχείρησαν να αποσιωπήσουν την εκλογική διαδικασία.

Από σήμερα το πρωί πάντως, αρκετά μέσα ενημέρωσης άρχισαν να παρουσιάζουν πληροφορίες, αναπαράγoντας απλώς τις καταγγελίες της αντιπολίτευσης που ζητά ανακαταμέτρηση των ψήφων.

Τη διαδικασία παρακολούθησαν περίπου 1300 παρατηρητές, 70 από τους οποίους προέρχονταν από το εξωτερικό.


Διαβάστε ακόμα:


American liberals and neocons unite to push war in Ukraine

In the U.S. Russia-hating liberals are joining the neocons in seeking more war in Ukraine, as the prospects for a rational and peaceful resolution to the crisis continue to fade.

by James W. Carden

Part 1

Last January, Sen. John McCain led a delegation along with his longtime sidekick, Sen. Lindsey Graham, to a contingent of Ukrainian troops not far from the front line in eastern Ukraine. In the presence of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, Graham told the soldiers: “Your fight is our fight … 2017 will be the year of offense. All of us will go back to Washington and we will push the case against Russia.

McCain promised the assembled troops, “we will do everything we can to provide you with what you need to win.

When contemplating the long careers of the two Republican senators, it is hard to escape the conclusion that McGeorge Bundy’s quip about the famed Cold War columnist Joe Alsop – that he had “never known him to go to any area where blood could be spilled that he didn’t come back and say more blood” – applies equally to McCain and Graham.

Indeed, last month’s National Defense Authorization Act shows that – if nothing else – McCain and Graham are as good as their word: the recently passed defense appropriations bill provides for $500 million, including “defensive lethal assistance” to Kiev, as part of a $640 billion overall spending package.

The aid comes at a good time for the embattled Ukrainian President Poroshenko, whose approval rating hovers around 16 percent. In a bid to stave off the possibility of a far-right coup d’etat, Poroshenko is back to banging the war drums, promising, well, more blood.

In a little-covered speech at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point on Sept. 19, Poroshenko promised that “American weapons will help us liberate the Donbas and return Ukrainian territories.” He also noted that Ukraine spends roughly 6 percent of its GDP on defense, “a figure,” he observed, “much bigger than the obligation for the NATO members.

Clearly Washington’s condemnation of governments that wage war “against their own people” remains selective, contingent upon who is doing the killing and who is doing the dying. In this case, it would seem that Russian-speaking Ukrainians simply don’t rate.

In addition to promising a wider war in the Donbas, Poroshenko has repeatedly promised that he will seek NATO membership. In August, during a visit by U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis, Poroshenko declared: “Our Ukrainian caravan is on a roll and we have one road to travel upon — a wide Euro-Atlantic highway, leading to membership in the European Union and NATO.

Source, links:

Britain: How do we make Corbyn's speech a reality?

Part 8 - Terrorism and Foreign Policy

Corbyn rightly pointed out that the plague of terrorism has been spread by imperialist interventions. He said Britain must “put our values of peace and cooperation into foreign policy”. He said a Labour government would oppose entirely the Saudi war against Yemen, and condemn Aung San Suu Kyi’s government’s ethnic cleansing of Rohingya muslims.

Again, this is all correct. But how do we successfully implement this?

Corbyn suggested appealing to the UN to organise conflict resolution. But the UN is completely impotent, depending as it does for all its power on the imperialist powers of the world. When the US wanted to invade Iraq, it ignored the UN and the UN could do nothing. And Saudi Arabia currently chairs the UN Human Rights Council, and in April of this year the UN elected Saudi Arabia to serve on the UN Commission on the Status of Women, a body “dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women.

It should be clear, therefore, that we cannot use the UN to spread peace and internationalism throughout the world.

Who would a Corbyn government be able to cooperate with to bring about peace and global justice? Who could it put its faith in? Only the international working class.

Just as in Britain, the only people Corbyn has been able to rely upon to elect him, to defend him and to fight for socialist ideas, have been the youth and the working class, so too internationally, the only organisations we can expect to fight for peace, for solidarity, and against racism, terrorism and exploitation, are the workers’ organisations and sister organisations of our trade unions. Workers’ solidarity is the basis of socialist internationalism.

With his speech to the 2017 Labour conference, Corbyn has transformed the political landscape once again.

All socialists must not only fight for this programme, but also extend and deepen it, so that we can transform society forever by ending the anarchy, poverty and injustice of capitalism.

***

Source:


[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

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16 October, 2017

Dear truck drivers: capitalism is your real enemy, not robots!

Millions of truck drivers around the world are considered the next "species for extinction" from the working class, as many predict their replacement by trucks without drivers. Once again, however, the enemy is not among the machines.


Forty years will be passed in a few months since the release of "Convoy" by Sam Peckinpah - one of the few productions that had transferred to the big screen not the content of a book, but that of a song. Bill Fries' same title "Convoy", tells the story about a rebellion of a group of truck drivers crossing the US from the West to the East Coast without stopping at police and national guard controls.


Despite the fact that the song and the film are two digestible products of the new American Country and that of anti-Westerns school in which Sam Peckinpah had specialized, they manage to capture the effects of the first major crisis of the capitalist system after WWII .

Drivers revolt against the new 55-mile speed limit imposed after the 1973 oil crisis when the US was trying to limit fuel consumption.

At the same time, however, in order to increase their paycheck a little bit, the truck drivers start to tear the so-called swindle sheets, the logbooks of the truck in which they were obliged to record the driving hours so as not to exceed the limit imposed by the federal government. Therefore, "Convoy", as a song and as a movie, captures the latest outbursts of the unbridled spontaneity that characterizes American truck drivers as their sector is the first that experiences the crisis of the 1970s.

Paradoxically, the legend of the uncontrollable asphalt cowboy will be maintained over the next decades (as we see in the low quality movie "Over the Top" with Sylvester Stallone), despite the fact that drivers are losing continuous battles against the government, and above all, against the major transport companies.

With the development of computers, companies begin to record not only the driving hours and the speed of the vehicle, but even how often and how much the vehicles are braking and accelerating. Trucks and drivers become the sprockets of a giant 700 billion dollars industry, which transports 70% of the products within the US.

In this chain, however, drivers are the weak link. Their wages (together with the loaders and other supporting jobs around the industry) exceed 75% of the total cost of road transports. Adding to this "flaw" the fact that they need to make stops to rest and sleep, but also that they are often involved in accidents that cost US economy billions of dollars, and you can easily understand why some would want to replace them with robots as soon as possible.

The first successful attempt was made a year ago when an 18-wheel truck of the OTTO company, which has been bought by UBER, transported 45,000 thousand Budweiser beer cans (pay attention to the symbolism) in a distance of 200 kilometers. At the same time, a truck convoy without drivers crossed Europe in the context of an experimental project jointly conducted by DAF, Daimler, Iveco and MAN.

Concern is evident in several professional drivers' unions around the world. The famous 'teamsters', the union of drivers in the US, is now fighting against time to prevent Congress regulations that will speed up the introduction of unmanned vehicles for very large trucks.

Would the solution be a real, this time, rebellion of drivers? Is a new Luddites movement - industrial workers who were destroying machinery of the factories at the beginning of the 19th century - ready to take action? Perhaps. As long as drivers, like Luddites, understand that their real enemy is not robots and machines. The American truck drivers, recently the Guardian reported, were earning 38,000 dollars in 1980. Adjusted for inflation, the amount now stands at 114,000 dollars, but drivers earn today only 41,000 dollars. It's not robots that stolen all that money from them.

The destruction of the machines, as explained by the Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm, was a form of "collective negotiation through rebellion." And it was just as effective as any other form of collective negotiation. However, machines and technology were never the real enemies.

Article by Aris Chatzistefanou, translated from the original source:


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Στις εθνικές των οδηγών με τα ρομπότ

Εκατομμύρια οδηγοί νταλίκας σε όλο τον κόσμο θεωρούνται το επόμενο «είδος προς εξαφάνιση» της εργατικής τάξης, καθώς αρκετοί προβλέπουν την αντικατάστασή τους από φορτηγά χωρίς οδηγούς. Ακόμη μια φορά, όμως, ο εχθρός δεν βρίσκεται στις μηχανές.


Σαράντα χρόνια συμπληρώνονται σε λίγους μήνες από την κυκλοφορία της ταινίας «Κονβόι» του Σαμ Πέκινπα – μία από τις ελάχιστες παραγωγές που μεταφέρουν στη μεγάλη οθόνη όχι το περιεχόμενο ενός βιβλίου αλλά ενός τραγουδιού. Το ομότιτλο «Convoy», του Bill Fries, διηγείται την «εξέγερση» μιας ομάδας οδηγών νταλίκας, οι οποίοι διασχίζουν τις ΗΠΑ, από τη Δυτική έως την Ανατολική Ακτή, χωρίς να σταματήσουν σε ελέγχους και μπλόκα της αστυνομίας και της εθνοφρουράς.

Παρά το γεγονός ότι το τραγούδι και η ταινία αποτελούν δυο εύπεπτα προϊόντα της νέας αμερικανικής κάντρι και της σχολής των αντι-ουέστερν, στην οποία ειδικεύεται ο Σαμ Πέκινπα, καταφέρνουν να αποτυπώσουν τις επιπτώσεις της πρώτης μεγάλης κρίσης του καπιταλιστικού συστήματος μετά τον Β’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο.

Οι οδηγοί εξεγείρονται για το νέο όριο ταχύτητας των 55 μιλίων (περίπου 90 χιλιόμετρα), που έχει επιβληθεί μετά την πετρελαϊκή κρίση του 1973, όταν οι ΗΠΑ προσπαθούσαν να περιορίσουν την κατανάλωση καυσίμων.

Παράλληλα, όμως, οι νταλικέρηδες, προκειμένου να αυξήσουν λίγο το μεροκάματο, σκίζουν και τα λεγόμενα swindle sheets, τα ημερολόγια του φορτηγού, στα οποία ήταν υποχρεωμένοι να καταγράφουν τις ώρες οδήγησης, ώστε να μην υπερβαίνουν το ανώτατο όριο που είχε επιβάλει η ομοσπονδιακή κυβέρνηση. Το «Κονβόι», λοιπόν, ως τραγούδι και ως ταινία, συλλαμβάνει τα τελευταία ξεσπάσματα του ατίθασου αυθορμητισμού που χαρακτηρίζει τους Αμερικανούς οδηγούς νταλίκας, καθώς ο κλάδος τους βιώνει πρώτος την κρίση της δεκαετίας του 1970.

Παραδόξως ο μύθος του ατίθασου καουμπόι της ασφάλτου θα διατηρηθεί και τις επόμενες δεκαετίες (όπως βλέπουμε στην απαράδεκτη ταινία «Over the Top» με τον Σιλβέστερ Σταλόνε), παρά το γεγονός ότι οι οδηγοί χάνουν τη μία μετά την άλλη τις μάχες με την κυβέρνηση και κυρίως με τις μεγάλες εταιρείες μεταφορών.

Με την ανάπτυξη των υπολογιστών, οι εταιρείες αρχίζουν να καταγράφουν όχι μόνο τις ώρες οδήγησης και την ταχύτητα του οχήματος, αλλά ακόμη και το πόσο συχνά και με πόση ένταση φρενάρουν και επιταχύνουν. Τα φορτηγά και οι οδηγοί τους γίνονται γρανάζια μιας γιγαντιαίας βιομηχανίας 700 δισεκατομμυρίων δολαρίων, που μεταφέρει το 70% των προϊόντων στο εσωτερικό των ΗΠΑ.

Σε αυτή την αλυσίδα, όμως, οι οδηγοί αποτελούν τον αδύναμο κρίκο. Οι μισθοί τους (μαζί με τους φορτοεκφορτωτές και άλλα βοηθητικά επαγγέλματα) ξεπερνούν το 75% του συνολικού κόστους των οδικών μεταφορών. Αν προσθέσει κανείς σε αυτό το «ελάττωμα» και το γεγονός ότι χρειάζεται να κάνουν στάσεις για να ξεκουράζονται και να κοιμούνται αλλά και ότι συχνά εμπλέκονται σε ατυχήματα που επιβαρύνουν την αμερικανική οικονομία με κόστος δισεκατομμυρίων δολαρίων, εύκολα καταλαβαίνει γιατί κάποιοι θα ήθελαν να τους αντικαταστήσουν με ένα ρομπότ το συντομότερο δυνατό.

Η πρώτη επιτυχημένη προσπάθεια έγινε ακριβώς πριν από έναν χρόνο, όταν ένα 18τροχο φορτηγό της εταιρείας OTTO, την οποία εξαγόρασε η UBER, μετέφερε 45.000 χιλιάδες τενεκεδάκια μπίρας Budweiser (προσοχή στον συμβολισμό) σε απόσταση 200 χιλιομέτρων. Την ίδια περίοδο ένα κονβόι φορτηγών χωρίς οδηγούς διέσχισε την Ευρώπη σε ένα πειραματικό πρόγραμμα που πραγματοποίησαν από κοινού η DAF, η Daimler, η Iveco και η MAN.

Η ανησυχία είναι έκδηλη σε αρκετά σωματεία επαγγελματιών οδηγών σε όλο τον κόσμο. Οι περίφημοι teamsters, το συνδικάτο των οδηγών στις ΗΠΑ, δίνει τώρα μάχη με τον χρόνο ώστε να μην περάσουν από το Κογκρέσο ρυθμίσεις που θα επιταχύνουν την καθιέρωση των οχημάτων χωρίς οδηγούς στα πολύ μεγάλα φορτηγά.

Μήπως η λύση θα ήταν μια πραγματική, αυτή τη φορά, εξέγερση των οδηγών; Μήπως ένα νέο κίνημα από Λουδίτες (βιομηχανικοί εργάτες που έσπαγαν τις μηχανές των εργοστασίων στις αρχές του 19ου αιώνα) βρίσκεται προ των πυλών; Ισως. Αρκεί οι οδηγοί, όπως και οι παρεξηγημένοι Λουδίτες, να γνωρίζουν ότι ο πραγματικός τους εχθρός δεν είναι τα ρομπότ και οι μηχανές. Οι Αμερικανοί νταλικέρηδες, έγραφε πρόσφατα ο «Guardian», κέρδιζαν 38.000 δολάρια το 1980. Προσαρμοσμένο στον πληθωρισμό, το ποσό αντιστοιχεί σήμερα σε 114.000 δολάρια, αλλά οι οδηγοί κερδίζουν μόλις 41.000 δολάρια. Αυτά τα χρήματα δεν τους τα στέρησε κανένα ρομπότ.

Το σπάσιμο των μηχανών, εξηγούσε παλαιότερα ο μαρξιστής ιστορικός Ερικ Χομπσμπάουμ, ήταν μια μορφή «συλλογικής διαπραγμάτευσης διά εξεγέρσεως». Και ήταν εξίσου αποτελεσματική με κάθε άλλη μορφή συλλογικής διαπραγμάτευσης. Ποτέ όμως ο εχθρός δεν ήταν τα μηχανήματα και η τεχνολογία.

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